It seems so, in spite of the names, which can mislead and bring the two disciplines together. The ‘ functional training or cross-training can be compared to free activity, working on all muscle groups but without isolating them, no goals set at a competitive level or results.
The Crossfit, however, is a workout in the cross-training more planned and organized, with a precise method of daily work and greater intensity of exercises.
The Freedom Of Cross Training And The Rules Of Crossfit
The CrossFit method, therefore, can be included in functional movements but represents a training activity devoted to accurate programming, and for this reason, it differs from it in different ways of carrying out it.
Functional training is a term that is perhaps too broad, but it can be restricted to training aimed at a function, in fact, which is to exercise the motor skills innate in our body.
We train with natural movements, those that for millennia have governed our daily activities not only of today but also and above all of the distant past.
Our species from the very beginning has been engaged in physical activities from simple ones such as walking or running and jumping, to functional ones for pushing, throwing, pulling, or hitting external objects.
Like athletes in antiquity, cross-training, or cross-training, was one of training on multiple fronts to improve overall skills. Just think of the Greek Olympics where they worked on throws, jumps, sprints, runs, and so on.
An idea of completeness that also returned with the Modern Pentathlon, which summarizes the various skills in a competition, or in the Decathlon, where you have to practice a little bit of everything.
Although CrossFit is defined as a complete training where you train all the metabolic paths, namely aerobic, lactacid anaerobic, and alactacid anaerobic, the idea of total fitness is underlying within cross-training, with a greater goal of maximum physical performance.
Cross Training Or Functional Training For Strength
The series of exercises that are usually used in cross-training is aimed at free body workouts, which can teach you how to manage your body and body weight in space, on various planes of movement by working on the totality of muscle mass.
The muscles of the entire body will be activated in a complex but natural way, with actions that are easy to perform and manage, using innate movement patterns.
The correct mobility of the body is once again perceived and acquired, through exercises that should not follow real programming according to an end to be achieved, often of a competitive nature.
In practice, it often happens instead that cross-training follows functional management of results for competitions or for improving toning and increasing mass, using targeted exercises.
The important thing is that the training is not dedicated to isolating muscles or muscle groups, as in bodybuilding, but is based on global movement exercises, to improve the efficiency of the internal body in terms of performance and well-being.
After seeing the difference with bodybuilding, what would be the difference between cross-training and CrossFit?
Crossfit As Functional But Planned Training
As already mentioned, CrossFit can be included in the cross-training group but the organization of movements and objectives are different. In CrossFit it is important to achieve an increase in work capacity, the so-called work capacity, exploiting different modes both in high-intensity exercise and through movements that derive from weightlifting, gymnastics, and various sports.
This discipline, born in the United States from the ideas of Greg Glassman, does not represent a real fitness program but an attempt to optimize the skills acquired on the physical level by the practitioner, working on the 10 areas of fitness.
These are the operating domains:
Balance and Accuracy
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Resistance
The CrossFit lessons are based on a very specific program, called WOD ( workout of the day) which consists of a high-intensity workout of about 15-20 minutes.
In this training, you can mix bodyweight exercises with weight lifting, cardio training, and with tools such as rowing machine, rope, dumbbells, traction bars, kettlebells … all in order to combine in a single session a plan to strengthen the body.
Differences Between Cross Training And Crossfit
It starts from the body itself, to better understand the differences between the two disciplines. In functional training, the weight of the body is used totally but without excessive loads, using Kettlebells, or the TRX for suspension training.
In CrossFit, heavy loads are also used, instead, to strain some muscle groups more and increase the mass overall.
The pauses between the exercises are very different; in cross-training between one exercise and another, you can take breaks of a few seconds, which allows you to decrease the aerobic threshold.
In CrossFit, the levels of preparation achieved through the WOD are assessed from time to time, and goals are planned over time – something unknown to cross-training.
Functional training strengthens and strengthens the muscles, attempting to achieve greater levels of strength to be exploited for sports activities.
In daily or weekly training activities, be careful not to create a “mix” between exercises and tools, practicing them in an exhausting way, without a real program or a sporting destination.
Cross-training can risk this drift if you are not followed by an expert personal trainer while practicing CrossFit correctly requires functional and controlled training, which can be essential for those who want to reach competitive or fitness goals.